RURAL HOUSING PROTOTYPE
CHENCHU TRIBE INDIA
The main objective of ESARQ’s Cooperation 1 is to introduce students to the context of the cooperation through architecture. To cooperate involves the development of architectural projects in a cooperative context, testing the limits and conditions in such environment and taking an active role as an architect.
ESARQ’s Cooperation 1 has teamed up with one of the most proactive NGDOs in Catalonia, Fundación Vicente Ferrer, committed to the process of transforming the poorest and most needy areas of Andhra Pradesh in southeast India. The work of this foundation provides us not only with a framework to understand how cooperation projects are realised holistically, but also with an opportunity for developing a project for the duration of the course which is defined by the foundation.
Through the developmentof a proposal for a rural housing prototype for Chenchu families, built only with bamboo, wood and stone, Cooperation 1 subject is understood as a pro-active research focus aimed at the understanding of vernacular architecture and culture, the development of sustainable human living, greener construction and affordable and ecological building solutions.
Raising public awareness and thinking over the needs architects concerning cooperation, social engagement and channelling energies and the work involved in such projects affect the positive outcome of the development of support for such social groups.
At present, Fundación Vicente Ferrer is at the first stage of the process working with the Chechu tribes that inhabit the central forests in the Andhra Pradesh state. Men bring honey whereas women bring rubber, honey, fruits and roots. Until very recent times, the forest would provide them with food which allowed them to survive. Unfortunately, the situation nowadays is quite different: the forest area has considerably reduced and therefore gathering wild growing products has become challenging. The result is quite devastating: this tribe records the highest rate of poverty in the entire state of Andhra Pradesh.
We have brought to you one of the most ingenious projects by one of our very talented ESARQ student teams.
Raquel Colacios, architectNicola Biencheti, assitent, architect and alumni ESARQ.
“Housing, oriented north and south, is a symmetrical trapzoid geometry, with an inclined deck as a collector of water; just to solve the basking in the best way. The foundation is made of compacted earth and a bamboo structure attached to it. The deck is built with wooden sustructure covered by plant debris and the facade is composed by a vertical bamboo gradient allowing more privacy as you get deeper into the house creating crossed ventilation as well.
The house is divided in three main spaces, plus the upper level. In the ground level we found the terrace with the cooking area, the living room and a storage space at the back. The upper level is where the bedrooms are placed.
The project combines geometric and hygienic occidental concepts with traditional Chenchu construction. Concepts as ventilation, waterproofing water havesting, sustainable elements, hygiene as well as elevated ground floow will help to avoid issues as flooding and structure mismatches. Traditional joining systems are used but it is strongly recommenden to include steel connectors.”